On Wed, Nov 2, 2011 at 9:16 AM, Charlie Grapski <firstname.lastname@example.org
> Unfortunately the Guarantee Clause has never been considered by the Supreme
> Court to be something they viewed as enforceable - to them its all just
> "political" questions as to what constitutes a "republican form" of
> On Wed, Nov 2, 2011 at 9:12 AM, gail zawacki <email@example.com
>> Excerpt follows, the entire article is here.
>> The Constitution says that "The United States shall guarantee to every
>> State in this Union, a Republican Form of Government."
>> A "Republican Form of Government" is not a government controlled by
>> Rather, a Republican Form of Government" is a representative government.
>> It is a responsive government. It is a government, to use Abraham Lincoln's
>> famous words, "of the people, by the people, and for the people." A
>> republican form of government is a government that pays attention to the
>> welfare of the vast majority of its citizens, or in the words of OWS, it is
>> a government that cares about and is responsive to the 99 percent, rather
>> than a government that is captured by the 1 percent and made to do that 1
>> percent's bidding.
>> The guarantee of a republican form of government, which I have just
>> quoted, is called the Guarantee Clause of Article IV. The Guarantee Clause,
>> as my colleague Akhil Amar has pointed out, was designed to prevent
>> temporary majorities or even minorities from using the levers of government
>> to entrench themselves in power. It was designed to ensure that a small
>> group of powerful and wealthy individuals could not hijack the government
>> and make it do their bidding to the exclusion of the vast majority of the
>> public-- the public for which democratic governments were created to serve.
>> The Guarantee Clause was designed to prevent a small determined faction from
>> seizing the reins of government, and making it a ventriloquist's dummy, a
>> mere puppet of the powerful.
>> The second half of the Guarantee Clause speaks of invasion and "domestic
>> violence." The framers understood that republics are not lost only to
>> conquering armies. They are destroyed by corruption which leads to feckless,
>> unresponsive government, and causes government to lose legitimacy in the
>> eyes of the broad mass of its citizens. The riots and insurrections come
>> later on to deliver the final blow. That is why the Guarantee Clause
>> concerns both the destruction of majority rule and domestic upheaval. The
>> two are opposite sides of the same coin. Caesar seized Rome after the Roman
>> Senate had become deeply corrupt and the Republic could no longer defend
>> itself. When the Senate is for sale, a coup is unnecessary to destroy
>> republican government. The coup has already occurred from within.